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New Releases

A new article was published today in Philosophy & Theory in Biology:

Evolutionary Chance Mutation: A Defense of the Modern Synthesis’ Consensus View, by Francesca Merlin, University of Montréal.

According to the article’s abstract,

One central tenet of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis (1930s-1950s), and the consensus view among biologists until now, is that all genetic mutations occur by “chance” or at “random” with respect to adaptation. However, the discovery of some molecular mechanisms enhancing mutation rate in response to environmental conditions has given rise to discussions among biologists, historians and philosophers of biology about the “chance” vs “directed” character of mutations (1980s-2000s). In fact, some argue that mutations due to a particular kind of mutator mechanisms challenge the Modern Synthesis because they are produced when and where needed by the organisms concerned. This paper provides a defense of the Modern Synthesis’ consensus view about the chance nature of all genetic mutations by reacting to Jablonka and Lamb’s analysis of genetic mutations (2005) and the explicit Lamarckian flavor of their arguments. I argue that biologists can continue to talk about chance mutations according to what I call and define as the notion of “evolutionary chance,” which I claim is the Modern Synthesis’ consensus view and a reformulation of Darwin’s most influential idea of “chance” variation. Advances in molecular genetics are therefore significant but not revolutionary with respect to the Modern Synthesis’ paradigm.

Launched in 2009, Philosophy & Theory in Biology (P&TB) is a peer-reviewed, open-access online journal that brings together philosophers of science and theoretically inclined biologists to interact across disciplinary boundaries. Learn more about submitting work to this publication, which publishes on a rolling basis, here.

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